Pelargonium

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Pelargonium

Pelargonium – Geranium-There are about 280 mainly evergreen perennials, succulents, soft wooded sub shrubs, and shrubs commonly known as Geraniums, they are mostly grown as annuals.   They occur in a variety of habitats, from mountains to deserts, mostly in South Africa.  The many cultivars, derived from about 20 species, are popular garden plants, few species are commonly grown.   The sticky leaves are variable, but are usually alternate, palmately lobed or pinnate, sometimes aromatic, often held on long stalks.  Erect stems bear 5 petaled flowers in terminal, umbel like clusters (pseudoumbels), referred to this account as “clusters”.  The flowers are saucer or star shaped, trumpet or funnel shaped, or butterfly shaped (the upper 2 petals larger than the lower 3), they are usually borne from spring to summer, although many will flower throughout the year if kept above 45-50 degrees Fahrenheit.

Where not winter hardy, use in containers outside in summer or as bedding plants, and over winter indoors.  Contact with the foliage may occasionally aggravate skin allergies.

Most cultivars belong to one of the following 6 horticultural group:

1. Zonal pelargoniums once known botanically as P. x hortorum.  They have almost circular leaves 1 ½-5″ across with scalloped edged, often with horseshoe shaped zones of brown, red or purple, and flower almost continuously.  Flowers are single, semi double, or double, to 1″ across, in shades of red, scarlet, maroon, purple, lavender, pink, salmon, white, orange, or rarely yellow.  Most grow to 24″ tall but there are dwarf cultivars that grow 5-8″ tall, and miniature cultivars to 5″ tall.  This group has the largest number of cultivars, and recent breeding has developed some very attractive subgroups.

Cactus flowered – flowers resembling those of cactus dahlias, are single or double, the petals twisted into quills

Double and semi double flowered – flowers consist of 6 or more petals

Fancy leaved – These are grown mainly for their foliage, which may have tricolor combinations of green, white, gold, almost black, or butterfly leaved with a distinct mark in the leaf center.  Flowers may be single, semi-double, or double and occur in most Zonal colors

Formosum hybrid – Flowers are flat, single or double, with narrow petals resembling a daisy.  Leaves are deeply cut

Rosebud – flowers are double, with rosebud-like centers (the central petals remaining unopened)

Single Flowered – flowers usually have mor than 5 petals

Stellar - Flowers are irregularly star shaped: the bottom 3 petals are wedge shaped and broad, the top 2 are much narrower and toothed.  The leaves have pointed lobes and, often, dark zones.

2. Somewhat similar to the Zonal are the Ivy leafed pelargoniums, with their evergreen semi scrambling habit and leaves that are fleshy with more pointed lobes, that are also mid green, 1-5″ long very similar to those of English Ivy (hedra helix).  It bears cluster of single to double flowers, to 1 ½” across are produced in shades of red, pink, mauve, purple or white.  These are also the subject of intensive breeding, and are tending to merge zonals in some of their characteristics.

 

Martha Washington Geranium Martha Washington Geranium

 

3. Another major group is Regal pelargoniums sometimes known as the Martha Washington geraniums or P. x domesticum, these evergreen have woody stems and rounded, sometimes lobed or sharply toothed and crested mid green leaves, to 2 ½-3″’ long, and the large 1 ½-4″ across, single flowers, rarely double, come in a range of gaudy color and patterns, such as red, pink, salmon, burgundy, purple, orange, white, or reddish black.

 

Regal Geranium Regal Geranium

 

4. Angel grow 9-36″ tall and have rounded, crinkled, sometimes scented, 3/4- 1 1/4″ long leaves and Regal like flowers 3/4-1 ½” across in shades of pink, purple, mauve, or white

5. Unique grows 24-48″ tall bearing rounded or lobed, sometimes incised mid green leaves, 2-5 ½” across, often scented when crushed.  They produce clusters of trumpet shaped, single, white, pink, red, purple, or orange regal like flowers

6. Scented leafed pelargoniums known primarily for there foliage, these are mostly evergreen sub shrubby and usually have mid green, sometimes variegated, and very variable in shape and size usually ½-5″ long, deeply lobed or dissected leaves that give off a quite remarkable range of odors when bruised or crushed, depending on the variety.  They include both the species and the hybrids, and some also have quite pretty flowers held in clusters of small, single flowers to 1″ across, in shades of red, mauve, pink, purple, or white.  Heights range from 12-48″ tall. Some of these are commercially for ‘geranium oil’ used in perfumery.

These frost tender plants are often treated like annuals for summer bedding in colder climates.  In warmer climates with long hours of daylight they flower almost all the time, although they do not do well in extreme heat and humidity.  Plant in pots or beds.  The site should be sunny with light, well drained, neutral to alkaline soil.  If grown in pots, fertilize regularly and deadhead.  Regal cultivars prefer partial shade and areas with cool summers.

Prone to thrips, spider mites, mealy bugs, caterpillars, gray mold, mildew, black leg, flower break virus, Xanthomonas blight, and edema commonly occur.

 

P. abrotanifolium – Southernwood Geranium - This bushy, erect or trailing, woody stemmed subshrub from South Africa grows 6-12″ tall and at least 10-12″ wide.  It produces rounded, finely divided, gray green leaves, to ½” long, have linear lobes and small like southernwood (Artemisia abrotanum).  From spring to autumn it bears white or pink flowers, ½” across held in clusters of up to 5, 2″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. acetosum – This erect perennial from South Africa grows 20-24″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  From succulent stems it carries obovate, toothed, fleshy, gray green leaves, 3/4-2 ½” long, sometimes edged with red.  From spring to summer it bear star shaped, light salmon pink flowers, 3/4-1 ½” across, with long, narrow petals, in sparse cluster, 2 ½-3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Alberta’ -This single flowered zonal pelargonium grows 16-20″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears bicolored coral pink and white flowers in clusters 3 ½-4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Alice Crousse’ – This short jointed ivy leaved pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears double, bright cerise-pink flowers borne in clusters 3 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

 

P. ‘Always’ – This bushy, double flowered zonal pelargonium grows 12-18″ tall and 10-12″ wide.  It bears very large, tight clusters, to 4″ across, of creamy white flushed, soft salmon pink flowers deep salmon pink in the centers.

Zones 12-15

 

P. americana ‘Pink Splash II’ – This early flowering, compact, self branching plant grows 10-15″ tall and wide.  It produces mid to dark green leaves.   It bears, large, semi double flowers held above the foliage, the flowers are pink with a white eye.  Excellent heat tolerance.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Amethyst’ – This vigorous, short jointed, hairless, ivy leafed pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears semi double purple-pink flowers held in clusters up to 4″ across, the upper petal are marked with deep purple and white feathering.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Apple Blossom Rosebud’ – This rosebud zonal pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears greenish white flowers, with each petal edged rose-red, held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Attar of Roses’ – This scented leaved pelargonium grows 20-24″ tall and half as wide.  It produces 3 lobed, rose scented leaves.  It bears mauve flowers held in clusters, to 1 1/4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Autumn Festival’ – This bushy, short jointed regal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears salmon-pink and white flowers with a mahogany, feather like markings in the center, held in clusters to 4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Beauty of Eastbourne’ – This ivy leafed pelargonium produces mid green leaves.  It bears large, light magenta-pink flowers.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Belinda Adams’ - This miniature, zonal pelargonium grows 4-5″ tall and 3-4″ wide.  It bears double, white flowers flushed pink, held in clusters 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Ben Franklin’ – This fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 12-116″ tall and half as wide.  It produces rounded white leaves.  It bears double, salmon pink flowers held in cluster up to 3 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Bird Dancer’ – This dwarf, stellar zonal pelargonium grows 6-8″ tall and 10″ wide.  It produces dark zoned leaves.  It bears single flowers, with pale pink lower petals and salmon pink upper petals, in clusters to 3″ across.  Can be trained into a topiary if started from an unbranched, young plant.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Black Velvet Series – P. x hortorum ‘Black Magic Series’ – This zonal pelargonium has unique chocolate colored leaves edged in green.  It bears apple blossom, rose, red and salmon colored flowers held in clusters, to 5″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Blazonry’ – This fancy leaves zonal pelargonium grows 12″ tall and wide.  It produces rounded, deep cream leaves with rose-pink, mid green and purple zones.  It bears single red flowers held in clusters 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Blizzard Series – This ivy leafed pelargonium noted for being vigorous and heat resistance.  Plants produce large to extra large flowers in several colors.

‘Blue Blizzard’ – bears extra large flowers of a unique blue lavender shade

‘Fire Blizzard’ – is very heat resistant and bears bright scarlet flowers.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Both’s Snowflake’ – This sprawling, scented leaved pelargonium grows 12-24″ tall and wide.  It produces lobed, incised, rose to lemon-rose-scented white and cream splashed leaves.  It bears clusters, to 1 ½” across, of single, light mauve flowers.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Bravo’ – This large, spreading zonal pelargonium grows 24″ tall and half as wide.  It bears clusters, to 4′ across, of double, soft orange flowers.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Brockbury Scarlet’ – This cactus flowered zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It bears single, scarlet flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Brookside Primrose’ – This miniature, fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 4-5″ tall and 3-4″ wide.  It produces golden green leaves each with a central zone.  It bears cluster to 3″ across of double, light pink flowers.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Butterfly Loreli’ – This fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It produces leaves with a yellow butterfly markings in the center of each leaf.  It bears double, pale pink flowers in clusters to 3″ across.

 

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Caligula’ – This miniature, double flowered zonal pelargonium with almost black leaves.  It bears scarlet flowers held in clusters to 2 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Caravan’ – This spreading angel pelargonium grows 6-8″ tall and 18″ wide.  It bears cluster, up to 1″ across, of single, mid pink flowers.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Carisbrooke’ – This regal pelargonium grows 16-18″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears clusters, 4″ across, of pale rose-pink flowers, feathered and blazed wine red on the upper petals.

Zones 12-15

 

P. carnosum – This deciduous perennial succulent from Namibia and South Africa grows 16″ tall and 10″ wide.  From swollen, 2′ thick, and fleshy branches, swollen at the joints carries ovate-oblong, pinnate, stalked, slightly hairy, gray-green leaves, 3-5 ½” long, have lobed segments with scalloped edges.   From spring to summer it bears cluster, 1 ½” across, of 2-8 star shaped, white to pale yellow green flowers with red markings, ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Catford Belle’ – This angel pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and wide.  It bears single, rose purple flowers with deep purple feathering on the upper petals, held in clusters, to 1″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Charlotte Bronte’ – This fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It produces rounded, red, golden yellow and green leaves.  It bears single, salmon pink flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Clorinda’ – This vigorous, eucalyptus scented pelargonium grows 18-20″ tall and half as wide.  It produces 3 lobed, cedar scented leaves.  It bears rose-pink flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Coddenham’ – This miniature, double flowered zonal pelargonium grows 4-5″ tall and 3-4″ wide.  It bears orange-red flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Colorcade Series -These vigorous, ivy leafed pelargonium is noted for their uniform free branching habit.  It bears large bright, semi double to double flowers

 

‘Colorcade Burgundy’ – bears semi double deep burgundy flowers with deep green leaves.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Contrast’ – This fancy leaves zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and half as wide.  It produces rounded, golden yellow, green and red leaves.  It bears single, scarlet, flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Copthorne’ – This vigorous, scented leaved pelargonium grows 8-20″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It produces large lobed leaves exuding a pungent, cedar like scent.  It bears cluster, to 3 ½” across, of mauve flowers with purple feathering on the upper petals.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Creamery’ – This trailing, semi double zonal pelargonium grows 8-10″ tall and 12″ wide.  It produces sharply lobed, light green leaves.  It bears creamy white flowers in profuse cluster to 2″ across.  Good in hanging baskets.

Zones 12-15

 

P. crispum – This shrubby, stiff, upright, evergreen perennial from South Africa grows 14-36″ tall and 6-18″ wide.  It produces rounded, crinkled, lemon scented, when bruised, mid green leaves, to 1″ long.  It bears single, pale mauve flowers, ½” across held in clusters, to 1″ across, in summer to autumn.

Variegated Prince Rupert’  – ‘French Lace’ – ‘Variegatum’  – produces lemon scented, cream edged, mid green leaves.

Zones 12-15

 

P. cucullatum – This shrubby, evergreen perennial from South Africa grows 24-36″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It produces cup shaped, sharply toothed and lobe, downy, gray green leaves, to 3″ long.  From spring to summer, it bears abundant, trumpet shaped, light to deep mauve-purple or white flowers, to 2″ across, held in clusters to 3 ½” across.  Flowers range from single to double.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Dame Anna Neagle’ – This dwarf zonal pelargonium grows 6-8″ tall and wide.  It produces rounded, light to mid green leaves.  It bears double, light pink flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Davinia’ – This miniature, double flowered zonal pelargonium grows 4-5″ tall and 3-4″ wide.  It bears clusters, to 3″ across, of salmon pink flowers, flushed and veined deeper salmon pink.

Zones 12-15

 

 

P. ‘Dr. Livingston’ – P. ‘Skeleton Leaf Rose’ – This rangy, scented leaved pelargonium grows 18-36″ tall and 8-12″ wide.  It produces very deeply cut, rough textured. Rose scented leaves.  It bears single, light lavender flowers held in cluster to ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Dolly Vardon’ – This fancy leafed zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and half as wide.  It produces rounded, white, red, and green leaves.  It bears single scarlet flower held in clusters to 2′ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Easter Greeting’ – This low growing regal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 5-7″ wide.  It bears light cerise-pink flowers, with a distinct, wine red blaze on each petal are held in clusters to 3 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. echinatum – P. reniforme – Cactus Geranium – Sweetheart Geranium – This unusual shrubby, tuberous rooted, deciduous, perennial succulent with an erect, swollen stem bearing a few gray branches, ½” thick, covered with spiny stipules.  Kidney shaped, scalloped, gray green leaves, to 1 1/4″ long, with 3 to 5 shallow lobes are hairy above, more so beneath.  From late winter to spring, it bears clusters, to 4′ across, of 3-8 small, star shaped, white to pink flowers, 1 1/4″ across, with dark heart shaped red marks on the upper petals.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Elegance Series – These vigorous regal pelargonium not for traditional ‘Martha Washington’ type flowers.  It bears extra large flowers in a wide variety of solid and multicolored combinations and bloom early to late season.

‘Elegance Pink Chiffon’ – has soft pink flowers with small dark eye

‘Dandy’ – has light red flowers

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Elmsett’ – This dwarf fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 4-6″ tall and 4-5″ wide.  It produces bright gold leaves.  It bears double, white to pale pink flowers, with scattered red spots and splashed held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Eric Hoskins’ – This zonal pelargonium grows 12-16′ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It produces mid green leaves, each with a wide dark brown zone.  It bears white to pal salmon flowers with deeper salmon to salmon pink centers held in clusters 3-4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Fair Ellen’ – This scented leaves pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and half as wide.  It produces deeply lobed leaves that have a strong perfume.  It bears purple and light pink flowers with spotted, toothed petals held in clusters to 2 ½” across.

 

Zones 12-15

P. ‘Fairyland’ – This miniature, fancy leaved, zonal pelargonium grows 3-4″ tall and 2-3″ wide.  It produces tri-colored leaves of white with green center and bright red to pink zones.  It bears single, red to scarlet flowers held in clusters to 3/4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Fairy Orchid’ – This spreading angel pelargonium grows 6-8″ tall and 10-16″ wide.  It bears single white flowers with reddish purple bands on the tips of the upper petals held in cluster to 1″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Fantasia Series – These vigorous plants grow 10-15″ tall and wide.  Noted for their very large flowers, produced in several colors.  Useful in containers or dotting the landscape.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Fenton Farm’ – This dwarf, fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 6-8″ tall and 4-5″ wide.  It produces rounded gold leaves.  It bears single, white eyed purple flowers held in cluster to 2″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Filicifolim’ – P. deniculatum – This scented leaved pelargonium grows 12-18″ or more tall and 6-10″ wide.  It produces fern like leaves with balsam scent.  It bears pale mauve flowers in small clusters to 1″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Flower of Spring’ - This fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 18-24″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It produces rounded, white marked leaves.  It bears single, scarlet flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Fragrans’ – P. x Fragrans – P. Fragrans Group – Nutmeg – This busy scented leaved pelargonium grows 6-12″ tall and 10-12″ wide.  It produces gray green leaves with a nutmeg scent.  It bears small white flowers are held in trailing cluster to 1 1/4″ across sometimes with red veining on the upper petals.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Fraicheur Beauty’ - This zonal pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and half as wide.  It bears double white flowers held in clusters, to 5′ across, the petals have very fine red edges.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Franci Parrett’ – This miniature zonal pelargonium grows 4-5″ tall and 3-4″ wide.  It bears double, purple pink flowers held in cluster to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Frank Headley’ – This fancy leaved zonal pelargonium produces gray green and white leaves.  It bears salmon-colored flowers.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Frau Emma Hossle’ – P. ‘Emma Hossle’  – This very bushy, dwarf zonal pelargonium grows 6-8″ tall and 4-5″ wide.  It bears double, mid pink flowers, with a white based upper petals, are held in clusters, to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Freckles’ – This seed raised, zonal pelargonium grows 12″ tall and wide.  It bears single, small white eyed, with a darker rose pink mark at the base of each petal held in cluster to 5″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Freestyle Series – These vigorous ivy leaved pelargonium, yet with a compact, well branched habit.  The foliage shows some resistance to edema.  Large to extra large semi double flowers are freely borne above the deep green leaves.

‘Freestyle Arctic Red’ - bears semi double flowers with unique red-edged white petals

‘Freestyle Burgundy II’ – has extra large, semi double, deep burgundy flowers

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Friesdorf’ – This dwarf, fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 6-8″ tall and 4-5″ wide.  It produces rounded, almost black leaves and narrow petaled, single crimson flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Garnet Rosebud’ - This dwarf zonal pelargonium grows 4-6″ tall and 4-5″ wide.  It bears rosebud shaped, deep garnet red flowers in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Global Series – This ivy leaved pelargonium is noted for heat tolerance and edema-resistant leaves.  The extensive selection of colors include the trailing:

‘Global Salmon Rose’ - has large rose flowers which have an undertone of salmon, and

Global Sangria’ – with it’s white striped burgundy blooms

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Golden Brilliantissimum’ – This fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and half as wide.  It produces rounded leaves with orange, mid green, and dark wine-red zoned.  It bears double, cherry red flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Golden Steph’ – This fancy, leaved, zonal pelargonium   grows 10-16″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It produces bronzed zoned, gold, sharply lobed leaves.  It bears single, star shaped, red orange flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Gravelens’ of gardens  – Rose Geranium – This vigorous, bushy erect scented leaved pelargonium grows 18-24″ tall and 8-24″ wide.  It produces slightly rough, deeply lobed and cut, furry mid green leaves, which have a pungent lemon-rose scent.  It bears mauve flowers with a purple spot on the upper petals held in clusters to 1 1/4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. grossularioides – P. ‘Coconut Scented’ – This spreading to weakly upright perennial from Southern and Southeastern Africa grows 6″ tall and 8-12″ wide.  From red stems it carries rounded, lobed, toothed, coconut scented, mid green leaves, to 1 ½” long.  In spring and summer it bears star shaped, magenta flowers, 3/8″ across, marked with darker spots on the upper petals, held in clusters, to ½’ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Hallelujah’- This zonal pelargonium grows 10-16″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears single white to very pale salmon flowers, veined and centered with deeper salmon, held in clusters to 4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Happy Thought’ – P. ‘A Happy Thought’ – This fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 16-18″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It produces rounded leaves, each with a greenish yellow butterfly marking in the center.  It bears single, light crimson flowers held in clusters to 3 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Helen Christine’ – This dwarf, bushy, stellar zonal pelargonium grows 4-6″ tall and 4-5″ wide.  It produces dark green leaves.  It bears single, intense purple flowers held in clusters to 1″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Honeymoon’ – This zonal pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and half as wide.  It bears large, flat, single, white to very pale salmon flowers with deeper salmon pink centers held in clusters 1 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Honeywood Suzanne’ – This dwarf zonal pelargonium grows 5-8″ tall and wide.  It bears loose, semi double, white flowers with pink shading, held in clusters 2 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

 

P. Horizon Series – These compact, bushy, seed raised, zonal pelargonium grow 12″ tall and 10″ wide.  It bears single, white or shades of pink or red, held in clusters to 5″ across, early in the season.  Good wet weather tolerance.

‘Horizon Scarlet’ - has dark, strongly zoned leaves and scarlet flowers.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Icecrystal’ This zonal pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears semi double, white eyed, lavender blue flowers with a dot on each petal held in clusters, to 5″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. inquinans - This erect, evergreen perennial from South Africa grows 24-36″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  From soft, woody stems it carries rounded. Mid green leaves, to 2 ½” across.   From spring to summer it bears saucer shaped scarlet flowers, 1 ½” across, are held in clusters to 3 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Jazz’ - This vigorous zonal pelargonium bears semi double, watermelon colored flowers held in clusters above the dark green zoned leaves.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Just William’ – This miniature, zonal pelargonium grows 4-5″ tall and 3-4″ wide.  It bears double, bright red flowers held in clusters, to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Kardino’ – This vigorous, compact zonal pelargonium bears semi double magenta-violet flowers above dark green zoned leaves.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Kath Peat’ – This zonal pelargonium grows 8-16″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It bears double flowers in mixed shades of white, pink, and light salmon in clusters 3-4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Lachsball’ – This vigorous zonal pelargonium grows 18-20″ tall and 6-8″ wide.   It bears semi double, deep salmon-pink flowers with tiny white eyes held in clusters, 4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Lachskonigin’ – This short jointed ivy leaved pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It bears semi double, rosy salmon-pink flowers that are held in clusters, 4 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

 

P. ‘Lady Plymouth’ – This scented leaved pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It produces eucalyptus scented, white edged leaves.  It bears lavender-pink flowers, held in clusters to 1 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Lavender Sensation’ – This bushy regal pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and half as wide.  It bears frilly, lavender pink flowers, with plum markings, held in clusters to 5″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘L’ Elegante’ – This ivy leafed pelargonium grows 8-10″ tall and 12-16″ wide.  It produces gray green leaves, each with a white edge that turns pink if the plant is kept dry.  It bears single, white flowers held in clusters, to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Leslie Judd’ – This regal pelargonium grows 16-18″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It bears salmon pink flowers, feathered wine-red on each petal, held in clusters to 4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Lilac Mini Cascade’ – This bushy, dwarf, ivy leaved pelargonium grows 4-5″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It bears single, lilac-pink flowers, held in clusters to 3/4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Lilian Pottinger’ – This scented leaved pelargonium grows 8-10″ tall and 5-6″ wide.  It produces irregular, 3 lobed, toothed, gray green leaves exuding a camphor-pine fragrance.  It bears white flowers held in clusters, to 1 1/4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Lime’ – This scented leaved pelargonium grows 12-18″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It produces lime scented leaves.  It bears single, pale lavender flowers, held in cluster to 1 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Lord Bute’ This regal pelargonium grows 18-12″ tall.  It bears dark reddish black flowers, the petals with dark red edges held in cluster to 4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Loverly’ – This bushy, zonal pelargonium grows 8-10″ tall and 5-6″ wide, It bears semi double, two toned, salmon pink flowers, held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Mabel Grey’ – This vigorous, scented leaved pelargonium grows 12-15″ tall and 5-6″ wide.  It produces deeply cut, rough textured leaves with a very strong lemon scent.  It bears pale purple flowers with red marks, held in clusters to 2″ across.  Makes an attractive standard.

Zones 12-15

 

 

P. ‘Magda’ – This zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and half as wide.  It bears pale pink flowers, spotted and streaked scarlet, held in clusters to 3″ across.

 

Zones 12-15

P. ‘Magic’ – This vigorous, early flowering, zonal pelargonium bears semi double, large, magenta flowers held above dark green zoned leaves.

Zones 12-15

 

P.  Maiden Series – This regal pelargonium are noted for their free flowering, compact plants, ideal for pots.  Bears large flowers, in both solid and bicolored combinations in early to mid season.

‘Maiden Deep Orange’ – has hot salmon orange flowers

Maiden Petticoat’ – is an early blooming cultivar with purple flowers edged in white.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Mandarin’ – This vigorous ivy leaved pelargonium bears semi double, bright orange flowers.  Its fully trailing habit makes this cultivar an excellent choice for hanging baskets.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Mauritania’ – This zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and half as wide.  It bears brilliant pure white, single, flowers, tinged rose pink in the centers, are held in clusters to 3 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Mauve Salter Bevis’ – This cactus flowered zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and half as wide.   It bears single, lavender pink flowers held in cluster to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Miss Wackles’ – This miniature, zonal pelargonium grows 4-5″ tall and 3-4″ wide.  It produces mid green leaves with dark brown zones.  It bears double, cerise-red flowers held in clusters to 2″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Mme. Crousse’ – This very long jointed ivy leaved pelargonium grows 20-24″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It bears semi double, pale pink flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Mme. Fournier’ – This miniature zonal pelargonium grows 4-5″ tall and 3-4″ wide.  It produces purple black leaves and stems.  It bears single, scarlet flowers held in clusters to 2″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Mr. Everaarts’ -This bushy, dwarf pelargonium grows 6-8″ tall and 4-5″ wide.  It bears double, bright rose pink flowers held in clusters to 2 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Mr. Henry Cox’ – P. ‘Mrs. Henry Cox’ – This fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 4-5″ wide.  It produces rounded, golden yellow leaves marked with mid green, dark purple, and red.  It bears single, pink flowers with small white eyes, are held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Mrs. Pollock’ – This fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and half as wide.  It produces rounded, golden yellow leaves marked with brownish purple, pink, and mid green.  It bears single, light red orange flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Mrs. Quilter’ – This fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and 5-6″ wide.  It produces rounded gold leaves with wide bronze zones.  It bears single, pale pink flowers , held in clusters to 3″ across.  Leaf color deepens in full sun.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Mr. Wren’ – This bushy, zonal pelargonium grows 16-18″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It bears single, white flowers, overlaid orange, held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Multibloom Series - These seed raised, zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and wide.  It bears abundant single, flowers in white or shades of pink or red, some with white eyes, held in clusters 3-5″ across, They are early flowering and over a long period.  Good wet weather tolerance.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘New Life’ - This zonal pelargonium grows 8-10″ tall and 5-6″ wide.  It bears single, red and white striped flowers with some petals all red or pale salmon, held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Nicole’ -This ivy leafed pelargonium is noted for its candy pink flowers and medium green zoned leaves.  A white flowered sport is also available.

Zones 12-15

 

P. odoratissimum – P. ‘Apple Scented’ – Apple geranium – This bushy, spreading, evergreen perennial from South Africa grows 8-10″ tall and 18-24″ wide.  It produces roughly heart shaped, lobed, gray green, apple scented leaves, 1 ½-2″ across.  From spring to summer it bears trailing cluster, to 1 1/4 “ across of 3-10 star shaped white flowers, to 1/4′ across sometimes with red veins on the upper petal.

Zones 12-15

 

 

P. ‘Old Spice’ – This bushy, erect scented leaved pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and half as wide.  It produces spicy scented leaves.  It bears white flowers in trailing clusters, to 1 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

P. ‘Orange Appeal’ – This seed raised, zonal pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and 12″ wide.  It bears single, clear, bright orange flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Orbit Series – This very early flowering, seed raised, single flowered zonal pelargonium that branch from the base and have fine leaf zoning.  It bears large clusters to 5 ½” across of flowers in white or shades of pink, orange, red.

‘Cherry Orbit’ – is upright in habit, bearing purple zoned leaves and cherry red flowers

Zones 12-15

 

P. Paintbox Mix – This vigorous, seed raised, single flowered F22 zonal pelargonium grows 10-18″ tall and wide.  Their compact plants that bear flowers in shades of rose, pink, scarlet, salmon, salmon-pink, and white, as well as bicolor mixtures.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Palais’ – This vigorous, zonal pelargonium grows 16-18″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears semi double, salmon pink flowers held in clusters to 4 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Paton’s Unique’ – P. ‘Apricot Scented’ -This vigorous unique pelargonium grows 16-18″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It bears coral red and pale pink flowers, with small white eyes, held in clusters up to 1 3/4″ across.  The leaves release a pungent scent when bruised.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Patricia Andrea’ – P. ‘Tulip Flowered’ – This vigorous zonal pelargonium grows 12-18″ tall and 6-10″ wide.  It produces glossy, toothed leaves.  It bears single, deep salmon pink flowers, which do not fully open, keeping the form of a half open tulip, held in clusters to 4″ across.  Tolerates rainy weather.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Patriot Series – This vigorous, zonal pelargonium bears semi double flowers held in clusters 4-5″ across, and are available in a wide variety of colors.  Good heat and weather tolerance.

‘Patriot Cranberry Red’ – bears unique red magenta flowers

‘Patriot Violet’ – has large, intense purple flowers with medium green leaves.  The mounded, free branching habit makes it ideal for containers, hanging baskets, and bedding.

Zones 12-15

 

 

P. ‘Peach’ – P. ‘Gooseberry Leaf’ - This stiff limbed, scented leaves pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and half as wide.  It produces ruffled, mid green leaves with cream to white mottled variegation and a citrus scent.  It bears single, pale lilac flowers held in clusters to ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Peppermint Lace’ – This strong, scented leafed pelargonium grows 12-18″ tall and 8-10″ wide.   It produces deeply incised, velvety, strongly peppermint scented, gray green leaves.  It bears single white flowers are held in clusters 1 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Picasso’ – This vigorous ivy leaved pelargonium produces medium green leaves.  It bears semi double, burgundy and white bicolor flowers.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Pillar Series – P. ‘Pillar Pink’ – P. ‘Pillar Flame’ – P. ‘Pillar Violet’ – This vigorous upright growing zonal pelargonium grows 6′ feet tall.   It produces medium green leaves marked with a distinctive dark zone.  It bears single to semi double flowers profusely, on free branching plants.  Useful in large containers and for a vertical garden accent.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Pixie Rose’ – This stellar zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It produces double red flowers, with white petal reverses and small white eyes held in clusters to 3 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Platinum’ – This fancy leaved zonal pelargonium produces gray green leaves edged in cream.  It bears single salmon flowers .

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Polka’ – This vigorous unique pelargonium grows 18-20″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears flowers that have the upper petals rosy orange with dark feathering, the lower petals are salmon orange held in clusters to 4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Prince of Orange’ – This erect, thin stemmed scented leaved pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It produces small, rounded, orange scented leaves.  It bears mauve flowers held in clusters to 1 1/4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Pulsar Series – P. Pinto Series  – These seed raised, single flowered zonal pelargonium with strongly zoned leaves.  It bears white or shades of pink or red, including bi-colors, are held in clusters to 5 ½” across.

‘Pulsar Scarlet’ – bears deep red flowers

Zones 12-15

 

 

P. ‘Purple Emperor’ – This regal pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and half as wide.  It bears light purple pink flowers, blazed and feathered deep wine red on each petal held in clusters to 4″ across.

 

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Queen of Hearts’ – This stiff stemmed, ivy leaved, zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and wide.  It produces large, softly lobed leaves.  It bears double white flowers with red markings on the petals.

Zones 12-15

 

P. radens – Crowfoot Geranium – This vigorous, upright, bushy subshrub from South Africa grows 12-18″ tall and 8-12″ wide.  It produces triangular, deeply 2 pinnatifid, rough, strongly aromatic, gray green leaves, 2 ½” long, consisting of oblong segments, with edges rolled under.   It bears star shaped, pale to purple pink flowers, ½” across, in 2 to 6 flowered clusters, to 2 ½” across, in late spring and summer.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Rober’s Lemon Rose’ – This vigorous, scented leaved pelargonium grows 18-20″ tall and half as wide.  It produces gray green leaves that are rose scented with lemon undertones.  It bears mauve flowers held in clusters to 1 3/4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Rocky Mountain Series - This large, semi double flowers are held above vigorous, dark green leaves, with a spreading habit.  Flowers are available in a wide selection of shades.  Good heat tolerance.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Rollisson’s Unique’ – This scented, unique pelargonium grows 16-18″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It produces very curly and mint scented leaves.  It bears magenta flowers with deep purple and white feathering on the upper petals held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Rouletta’ – This vigorous, ivy leaved pelargonium grows 3-4″ tall and 18-24″ wide.  It bears semi double, light crimson and white striped flowers, held in clusters 3 ½” across.  May temporarily revert to plain crimson in hot weather.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Royalty Series – These vigorous, long flowering, medium sized, compact, regal pelargonium begin to flowers in early and mid season.

‘Baroness’ – bears large, deep rosy red flowers, in mid season

‘Camelot’ – bears rich purple and light purple picotee

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Samantha Stamps’ – This dwarf fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 8″ tall and 6″ wide.  It produces rounded, bronze zoned gold leaves.  It bears double, pink flushed white flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

 

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Schone Helena’ – This zonal pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears semi double, light salmon pink flowers, held in clusters to 4 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Snowdrift’ – This short jointed ivy leaved pelargonium grows 12-18″ tall and 10-12″ wide.  It bears double white flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Snowflake’ – This scented leaved pelargonium grows 12-18″ tall and 10-12″ wide.  It produces softly lobed, rose to lemon rose scented, cream to white variegated, mid green leaves.  It bears light mauve flowers held in clusters to 2″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Splendide’ – This slow growing, short branching species hybrid pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It bears butterfly shaped flowers, to 1 1/4″ across are held singly or in clusters, 4-5″ across.  Red violet upper petals each have a black spot at the base, lower petal are white, sometimes stained red.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Star of Persia’ – This cactus flowered pelargonium grows 8-10″ tall and 5-6″ wide.  It bears double, crimson and purple blended flowers with narrow, twisted petals held in clusters to 2-3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Starburst Series – This large, very free flowering plants are ideal for planters and hanging baskets.  It bears red or violet rose flowers are marked with a white stripe, they come in two colors, which exemplified by Starburst Red and Starburst Violet Rose.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Stardom Series – Has leaves similar to those of zonal pelargonium but spreads and mounds like ivy leaved pelargonium.  It bears a heavy crop of flowers with small,. Very profuse, semi double to double flowers

‘Natalie’ – Bears semi double to double deep lavender flowers with compact, dark green lightly zoned leaves

Pink and White’ – bears double soft pink and white bicolor flowers with compact, dark green leaves.

‘Sophia’ – has double candy pink flowers with a white eye on a spreading plant.  More heat and drought tolerant than other zonals

Zones 12-15

 

 

P. Summer Showers Series – This vigorous, early flowering, seed raised ivy leaves pelargonium grows 12″ tall.  It bears large single flowers in shades of white and pale pink to burgundy are held in clusters to 5″ across.  The deep green ivy leaves are resistant to edema.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Super Nova’ – This stellar zonal pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and 8-10″ wide.   It bears double, lilac pink flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Sweet Miriam’ – P. ‘Sweet Mimosa’ -This vigorous, pungently scented leaved pelargonium grows 18-20″ tall and half as wide.  The leaves are deeply lobed.  It bears single, mid pink flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Sybil Holmes’ – This trailing ivy leaved pelargonium grows 3-4″ tall and 6-10″ wide.  It bears rosebud type, very double pink flowers held in clusters, to 1 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Tavira’ – This slow growing, short jointed ivy leaved pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears semi double, light cerise red flowers, feathered wine-red, held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P.’The Boar’ - This lax, trailing perennial grows 20-23″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It produces rounded, mid green leaves, 2 ½” long, and dark purple centers.  From spring to summer it bears masses of single, salmon pink flowers held in loose clusters to 3 ½” across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Timothy Clifford’ – This miniature zonal pelargonium grows 4-5″ tall and 3-4″ wide.  It produces very dark green, almost black leaves.   It bears double, salmon pink flowers held in clusters to 2″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Tip Top Duet’ – This angel pelargonium grows 12-16″ tall and half as wide.  It bears cluster, to 2″ across, of very pale pink flowers, the lower petal veined and edged mauve, the upper petals feathered and blazed red purple.

Zones 12-15

 

P. tomentosum – Peppermint Geranium – This vigorous, soft stemmed perennial grows 30-36″ tall and 24-30″ wide.  It produces heart shaped, lobed, velvety, very aromatic, peppermint scented, mid green leaves to 2 ½” long, on scrambling stems.  It bears clusters to 2″ across, of 4-15 butterfly shaped, white flowers, to ½” across, are borne from spring to summer.  Keep out of bright or full sun.

Zones 12-15

 

P. Tornado Series - This neat, compact, early flowering ivy leaved pelargonium grows 10″ tall and 8″ wide.  It bears single, lilac or white flowers held in clusters to 5″ across, on trailing stems.

Zones 12-15

 

P. triste – This tuberous rooted herbaceous perennial from South Africa grows 6-8″ tall and 18-20″ wide.  It produces finely pinnate, trailing mid green leaves, 7″ long.  From spring to summer it bears clusters to 1 ½” across of 6-20 star shaped, freesia scented, nocturnal blooming flowers, to 1 1/4″ across, in yellow, green, or pink, either in combination or with reddish black.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Turkish Delight’ -This fancy leaved zonal pelargonium grows 8-12″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It produces leaves with a band of green and gold, separated by a wide zone of bronze-red.  It bears single, red orange flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Vancouver Centennial’ – This stellar zonal pelargonium grows 10-12″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It produces gold leaves with a brown center splotch.  It bears single, red orange flowers held in clusters to 3″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Variegated Nutmeg’ – This bushy, scented leaved pelargonium grows 8-10″ tall and 6-8″ wide.  It produces rounded, hairy, spice and pine scented, gray green leaves with cream and white variegation.  It bears abundant, small white flowers held in clusters to 1 1/4″ across.

Zones 12-15

 

P. ‘Voodoo’ - This unique pelargonium grows 20-24″ tall and 8-10″ wide.  It bears single, deep red flowers, blazed purple black on each petal, held in clusters to 3″ across.  Suitable for a bright windowsill.

Zones 12-15


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